As the world continues to grapple with climate change, steel-frame construction is increasingly being made in the U. S. as well as elsewhere.
Here’s what we know so far.
A New York City steel-framed house has been erected.
(Katherine Frey/The Washington Post) The steel-hulled steel frame was built on an 18-inch wide, 10-foot long by 10-feet tall concrete slab in Manhattan’s Lower East Side neighborhood in the early 1990s.
The house is being touted as a new model for modern architecture that will take up less space in the same way as modern houses.
But critics say it’s a waste of resources that won’t be used.
“I don’t think that we should be building homes that are going to be used for people’s homes, especially in the world we live in right now,” said Pauline Keesling, executive director of the American Association of Steel Machinists.
“It’s not a very good investment.”
A different steel-frames house, constructed by a California company, has been built on the shores of Lake Michigan.
(Michael S. Williamson/The Associated Press) Some critics worry that building steel-to-glass and other materials on top of concrete will put the environment at risk, while others worry it will encourage builders to overbuild and overbuild.
In an interview, David G. Stromberg, executive vice president for research and policy at the Center for American Progress, a liberal think tank, said building on the lake is not a good idea.
“There is a risk that the lake will dry up and that it will become a water source, and you get the problem of climate change,” Stromings said.
He added that if the lake dries up, then it could be very hard to get those concrete walls to stick.
A second solution is to build concrete on the outside of the house, he said, to keep the weather out of the structure. “
Building on the water is just one solution,” he said.
A second solution is to build concrete on the outside of the house, he said, to keep the weather out of the structure.
But it would be expensive.
“We need to think very carefully about how we’re going to manage the building process, and how we can manage the cost of doing that,” Stomberg said.
“That’s something we need to be thinking about.”
A New Jersey steel-truss house is in the works.
Scott Mahaskey/Getty Images) And, as for the house itself, it will have to be removed.
“This is going to take a long time,” Stromeberg said, but it will be done by 2024.
“You will need to have a very strong structure, with a lot of steel, and a lot more concrete.
You will need a lot less water.”
The American Building Council, a nonprofit trade group, also says building on land in New York is the least cost-effective option.
“Building steel on the shore is not economical in any case,” said Tom M. Hochberg, president of the building council.
“If you’re building on a piece of land that is completely impervious to storm water, it’s going to fail very quickly.”
The city of Detroit is using its waterfront for one of its first steel-shingled buildings.
(Detroit News) The city is planning to use the waterfront to build steel buildings that will hold up to hurricane winds.
It is building a six-story, 11-foot-tall steel house on the north end of the riverfront.
“They’ve got a lot to do with their infrastructure,” said city manager Mike Dyer.
The city plans to spend $150 million to $180 million on the project.
Dyer said the city has already received a loan to build the house.
The cost of building on water is much less than the costs of building concrete on land, and there are also other benefits.
“One of the advantages of using the river for steel is that it’s less expensive to construct on the river than on land,” Dyer added.
“The amount of energy you put into the building of the steel structure, the amount of water that you can use to keep it standing, is enormous.”
But some critics are not so sure.
“What’s wrong with this is that the building has already been built, there’s no question about that,” said John B. Tappe, a professor of architecture at the University of Maryland.
“For the price of the water, there are a lot cheaper ways to make this structure.”
Dyer says that the city is still in the process of determining whether the city can take advantage of the city’s riverfront for this building project.
“When it’s all done, we’re very confident that we’ll be able to show that it can be used on the city,” he told